Architecture Styles from around the World
A walk through the history of the architecture will enlighten on how art and culture have impacted and contributed in giving architecture its present day forms. Architecture styles in fact build on each other, with each passing era laying down the building blocks of advancement to a new style. Architecture is a herald of the cultural depths of society and also has a lasting impact. The pyramids of Egypt have not only been a source of inspiration for future constructions but also inspired fashion and jewelry.
Here’s a list of some famous architecture styles and their distinguishing characteristics.
Tudor Style of Architecture
Probably among the most recognizable of architecture styles, the Tudor house is characterized by slanting beams alongside the front-facing section of the roof. Typically the roof endures heavy rain and snow and the house has a lot of paneled or group of windows to allow in natural light.
Victorian style of Architecture
Resembling doll-houses, the key features of a Victorian house are asymmetry, detailed neatness, an all around porch, an abrupt roof, imposing 2nd and 3rd stories, bay windows and pastel or bright colors. A lot of houses in the US and UK are still of Victorian style despite the fact that the style dates back to the Industrial revolution.
Islamic Style of Architecture
A Mosque is the best representation of Islamic style of architecture. It includes pointed arches, domes and huge courtyards. The Koran prohibits any three dimensional representation of designs therefore most of décor is on flat surfaces but elaborate and colorful. A lot of Indian monuments reflect work of Islamic architecture owing to the prolonged rule of Mughals, the Taj Mahal being the best example.
Colonial Style of Architecture
Dating back to when the American continent was still being colonized by the settlers, the typical Colonial house was characterized by a square floor-plan, two storey, aligned windows on the floors, symmetrical design and pillars alongside the main entrance.
Norman Style of Architecture
The Norman architecture also known as Romanesque emerge around the 10th century across Europe. They mostly had round headed series of arches, twisted rope-like moldings around the door and floral or foliage stone decorations. The Cathedral of Monreale in Sicily, Italy is the finest example of Norman Architecture.
Gothic Style of Architecture
With borrowed features from the previous styles of architecture, Gothic Architecture caught the eyes in the 12th Century and was widely used for churches. It was more decorative and had thinner walls and more slender columns. The windows were long and adorned with stained glass. Height and grandeur in the form of pointed arches and vaulted ceilings were the key distinguishers of this style.
Neo-Classical Style of Architecture
Aiming to bring back novelty and grandeur to architecture, neo-classical form of architecture evolved in the mid 18th Century considered to be in response to Baroque and Rococo. Symmetry and simplicity are the key features of this type of architecture. It is also characterized by grandeur of scale, excessive use of columns, large buildings and blank walls.
Contemporary Style of Architecture
Towards the mid 20th Century, the focus of architecture shifted from grandeur to functionality therefore modern architecture emphasizes spaciousness, functionality and sustainability. Making best use of the space, modern homes usually have large windows, balconies, skylight and sometimes a garden roof making up for small porches.